The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design, explains the evidence for and against Darwinism and Intelligent Design.
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The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design is well documented with an extensive list of footnotes. To aid the reader we provide links for those here on this site. The numbers here correspond with the footnotes for each chapter in the book.

Chapter One

[3]      Pat Shipman, "Being Stalked by Intelligent Design," American Scientist (November-December 2005).

Marshall Berman, "Intelligent Design: The New Creationism Threatens All of Science and Society," APS News Online, Back Page (October 2005).

[4]      Eugenie C. Scott, "Dealing with Anti-Evolutionism," University of California (Berkeley) Museum of Paleontology web site.

[7]      U. S. National Academy of Sciences, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998), Chapters 1 and 5.

[16]     For a brief history of ID, see Jonathan Witt, "The Origin of Intelligent Design: A Brief History of the Scientific Theory of Intelligent Design," Discovery Institute.

[17]      Stephen C. Meyer, "Intelligent design is not creationism," The Daily Telegraph (London), January 28, 2006.
Henry Morris, "Intelligent Design and/or Scientific Creationism," Acts & Facts 35 (April 2006): Back to Genesis #208.

Carl Wieland, "AiG’s views on the Intelligent Design Movement," Answers in Genesis (August 30, 2002).

The Sunday Times Review, "In the beginning there was something," The Sunday Times (December 19, 2004).,,2092-1408276_1,00.html

[18]     "Questions About Intelligent Design," Discovery Institute, 2006.

[19]     Eugenie C. Scott, "Dealing with Anti-Evolutionism," University of California (Berkeley) Museum of Paleontology web site.

[23]     Matt Ridley, "Intelligent design lacks intelligence," The Daily Telegraph (January 30, 2006), Letters.

Richard Ostling, " Ohio School Board Debates Teaching 'Intelligent Design'," The Washington Post (March 14, 2002).

Chapter Two

[1]      National Academy of Sciences, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998), Chapter 2.

National Academy of Sciences, Science and Creationism, Second Edition (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999), Evidence Supporting Biological Evolution.

[12]      Ashby Camp, "The Overselling of Whale Evolution," The True.Origins Archive, 1998.

[14]      Kevin Padian, "The Tale of the Whale," National Center for Science Education Resources.

[15]      J. G. M. Thewissen, "A Family Tree of Whales," Whale Origins Research, 2006.

[21]      Kathy Canavan, "Comedian Lewis Black decries the 'politically correct'," University of Delaware Daily (November 15, 2002).

Chapter Three

[16]      Corey S. Goodman and Bridget C. Coughlin, "The evolution of evo-devo biology," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 97 (2000): 4424-4425.

[22]      "First Genetic Evidence Uncovered of How Major Changes in Body Shapes Occurred During Early Animal Evolution," UCSD News Release, February 6, 2002.

[23]      Jonathan Wells, "Mutant Shrimp? -- A Correction," February 11, 2002.

Chapter Four

[1]      U. S. National Academy of Sciences, Science and Creationism, Second Edition (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999), Section on "Evidence Supporting Biological Evolution."

[3]      Stanford University, " Ancient DNA Provides Clues To The Evolution Of Social Behavior," Science Daily (April 22, 2006).

[5]     Richard Monastersky, "The Whale's Tale: research on whale evolution," Science News (November 6, 1999).

[10]      André Adoutte, Guillaume Balavoine, Nicolas Lartillot, Olivier Lespinet, Bejamin Purd'homme, and Renaud de Rosa, "The new animal phylogeny: Reliability and implications," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 97 (2000): 4453-4456.

     Jaime E. Blair, Kazuho Ikeo, Takashi Gojobori, and S. Blair Hedges, "The evolutionary position of nematodes," Biomed Central Evolutionary Biology 2 (2002): 7.

[11]     Yuri I. Wolf, Igor B. Rogozin, and Eugene V. Koonin, "Coelomata and Not Ecdysozoa: Evidence From Genome-Wide Phylogenetic Analysis," Genome Research 14 (2004): 29-36.

[14]     Carl Woese, "The universal ancestor," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 95 (1998): 6854-6859.

[17]      Carl Woese, "On the evolution of cells," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 99 (2002): 8742-8747.

     E. Bapteste, E. Susko, J. Leigh, D. MacLeod, R. L. Charlebois, and W. F. Doolittle, "Do orthologous gene phylogenies really support tree-thinking?"
Biomed Central Evolutionary Biology 5 (2005): 33.

Chapter Five

[3]      Joseph Boxhorn, "Observed Instances of Speciation," The Talk.Origins Archive, September 1, 1995.

Chris Stassen, James Meritt, Annelise Lilje, and L. Drew Davis, "Some More Observed Speciation Events," The Talk.Origins Archive, 1997.

[12]      Richard Milton, "Observed instances of speciation," Alternative Science, 2004.

[14]      Gary Hurd, "To the Committee," Review of Proposed Changes to Kansas State Science Standards.

[18]      David Whitehouse, "Scientists see new species born," BBC News, June 9, 2004.

See also the June 2004 press release from the University of Arizona.

Laura K. Reed and Therese A. Markow, "Early events in speciation: Polymorphism for hybrid male sterility in Drosophila," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101 (June 15, 2004): 9009-9012.

[19]      Kenneth R. Miller, "Statement to the Kansas State Board of Education," 2005.

Linn et al, 2004, "Postzygotic isolating factor in sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis flies: Reduced response of hybrids to parental host-fruit odors," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 101 (2004): 17753-17758.

Chapter Six

[1]     Stephen Jay Gould, "Evolution as Fact and Theory," pp. 253-262 in Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1994).  Originally published in Discover Magazine (May, 1981).

[3]      Norris Anderson, "The Alabama Insert: A Call for Impartial Science," Access Research Network (May 15, 1996).

[5]      "Text of Cobb County Disclaimer," Approved by Cobb County Board of Education, Thursday, March 28, 2002.

     Art Toalston, "'Balanced education' in science: Atlanta-area school board holds firm ," Baptist Press (September 27, 2002).

[6]     "Judge: Evolution stickers unconstitutional," CNN (January 13, 2005).

     "Background Information on Cobb County School District v. Selman," Discovery Institute (December 16, 2005).

[8]      Richard Dawkins, "The 'Alabama Insert': A Study in Ignorance and Dishonesty," Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science, Vol. 68, No. l, January, 1997.

[9]     The Mutations, "Overwhelming Evidence," Uncommon Descent (February 8, 2006).

[10]      Inside Science News Service, "Physics Nobelist takes stand on evolution," American Institute of Physics (2003).

[11]      American Association of University Professors, "Teaching Evolution" (June 15, 2005).

     AAAS News, "Science, Teachers and Clergy Strengthen Bonds at AAAS Evolution Event" (February 20, 2006).

[13]      Deborah Jordan Brooks, "Substantial Numbers of Americans Continue to Doubt Evolution as Explanation for Origin of Humans," Gallup News Service (March 5, 2001).

     "100 Scientists, National Poll Challenge Darwinism," Zogby International (September 25, 2001).

     "Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Adults Believe Human Beings Were Created by God," The Harris Poll (July 6, 2005).

     Michael Foust, " Gallup poll latest to show Americans reject secular evolution," BP News (October 19, 2005).

     "A Scientific Dissent from Darwinism," Discovery Institute.

      NCSE, "Project Steve," National Center for Science Education (February 16, 2003).

[22]      "Brief of Amicus Curiae: 56 Professional Scientific Organizations in Support of Appellees and Affirmance," U. S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (June 9, 2005).

[23]     FASEB Board of Directors, "FASEB Opposes Using Science Classes to Teach Intelligent  Design, Creationism, and other Non-Scientific Beliefs," Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (December 19, 2005).

Chapter Seven

[2]      Bruce Alberts, "Preface," Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999).

[4]     "British Agricultural Revolution," Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.

[6]      B. C. A. Windle, "Mendel, Mendelism," in The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume X (Robert Appleton Company, 1911).

[9]      Michael L. Dini, "Letters of Recommendation."

[15]      Alexander Fleming, "Banquet Speech," December 10, 1945.

[22]      Getting the Facts Straight: A Viewer's Guide to PBS's Evolution (Seattle, WA: Discovery Institute Press, 2001), Chapter 7.

[23]      Kirschner is quoted in Peter Dizikes, "Missing Links," The Boston Globe, October 23, 2005.

Philip S. Skell, "Why Do We Invoke Darwin?" The Scientist 19:16 (August 29, 2005): 10.

[24]      Transcript: Vice President Gore on CNN's "Late Edition," March 9, 1999.

Declan McCullagh, "I created the 'Al Gore created the Internet' Story," Politech, October 17, 2000.

[25]      Richard Wiggins, "Al Gore and the Creation of the Internet," First Monday 5:10 (October 2000).

Chapter Eight

[8]      Lydia McGrew, "Testability, Likelihoods, and Design," Philo 7 (2004): 5-21.

[9]      Fred Heeren, "The Lynching of Bill Dembski," American Spectator (November 2000), pp. 44-50.

[10]      Forrest testimony, Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District trial transcript, Day 6 (October 5), PM Session, Part 2.

"Statement of Principles," New Orleans Secular Humanist Association.

Barbara Carroll Forrest, "Curriculum Vitae," Internet Infidels.

[11]      Program and Schedule for THE NATURE OF NATURE: An Interdisciplinary Conference on the Role of Naturalism in Science (April 12-15, 2000).

[12]      U. S. Representative Mark Souder (R - Indiana) in The Congressional Record, June 14. 2000.

[13]      Blair Martin, "Professors debate legitimacy of Polanyi," The Baylor Lariat (April 12, 2000).

"Baylor Conference on Naturalism in Science Sparks Controversy," Science & Theology News, September 1, 2000.

[14]      "Infinite Monkey Theorem,"  Available online (April 2006) at

[15]      The Monkey Shakespeare Simulator

[16]      "No words to describe monkey's play," BBC News (May 9, 2003).

Brian Bernbaum, "Monkey Theory Proven Wrong," CBS News: The Odd Truth (May 9, 2003).

Chapter Nine

[4]      Stephen C. Meyer, "DNA and Other Designs," First Things 102 (April 2000): 30-38.

[12]      Kenneth R. Miller, "How Intelligent Is Intelligent Design," First Things 106 (October 2000), 2-3.
Stephen C. Meyer, "How Intelligent Is Intelligent Design," First Things 106 (October 2000), 4-5.

[13]      Stephen C. Meyer, "The origin of biological information and the higher taxonomic categories," Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 117 (2004): 213-239.

[14]      Sternberg's account of the publication of Meyer's article.

Additional materials.

[15]      Discovery Institute Staff, "Peer-Reviewed, Peer-Edited, and other Scientific Publications Supporting the Theory of Intelligent Design (Annotated)," February 22, 2006.

[16]      Michael J. Behe, "Correspondence with Science Journals: Response to Critics Concerning Peer-Review," Discovery Institute (August 2, 2000).

[17]      Jonathan Wells, "Catch 23," Research News & Opportunities in Science and Theology (July/August 2002).

[18]      See the home page of Richard M. v. Sternberg.

The NCSE's and SI's misbehavior were documented by the U.S. Office of Special Counsel (OSC).

[19]      David Klinghoffer, "The Branding of a Heretic," The Wall Street Journal, January 28, 2005.

Joyce Howard Price, "Researcher claims bias by Smithsonian," The Washington Times, February 13, 2005.

Letter from the U. S. Office of Special Counsel to Dr. Richard Sternberg, August 5, 2005.

Barbara Bradley Haggerty, "Profile: Intelligent Design and Academic Freedom," transcript of "All Things Considered" (NPR), November 10, 2005.

[20]      "Statement from the Council of the Biological Society of Washington," October 4, 2004.

Chapter Ten

[1]      "Ole Evinrude," Inventor of the Week Archive, Lemelson-MIT Program, January 1999.

Kenneth Bjork, "Ole Evinrude and the Outboard Motor," The Norwegian-American Historical Association.

[5]      John H. McDonald, "A reducibly complex mousetrap."

Michael J. Behe, "Comments on Ken Miller's Reply to My Essays," January 8, 2001.

[8]      Russell F. Doolittle, "A Delicate Balance," Boston Review (February/ March 1997).

[9]      Michael J. Behe, "In Defense of the Irreducibility of the Blood Clotting Cascade: Response to Russell Doolittle, Ken Miller and Keith Robison," July 31, 2000.

[11]      Kenneth R. Miller, "The Flagellum Unspun: The Collapse of Irreducible Complexity," pp. 81-97 in William A. Dembski and Michael Ruse (editors), Debating Design: From Darwin to DNA (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

[16]      University of Idaho President Timothy P. White, "Letter to the University of Idaho Faculty, Staff and Students," October 5, 2005.

"Discovery Institute Denounces University of Idaho’s Ban on Differing Views on Evolution as Unconstitutional," October 4, 2005.

[17]      John Miller, "U of I President: Teach Only Evolution in Science Classes," Associated Press, October 6, 2005.

Chapter Eleven

[1]      Daniel Fischer, "India'95: An Eclipse full of Surprises."

[2]      Guillermo Gonzalez and Jay W. Richards, The Privileged Planet: How Our Place in the Cosmos is Designed for Discovery (Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, 2004), p. 3.  For more information go to

[11]      Illustra Media, "The Privileged Planet" (La Habra, CA: Illustra Media, 2004).  For more information go to

[12]      Denyse O'Leary, "Design Film Sparks Angst: Under fire, Smithsonian disavows presentation on Intelligent Design," Christianity Today (July 6, 2005).

[13]      John Schwartz, "Smithsonian to Screen a Movie That Makes a Case Against Evolution," The New York Times (May 28, 2005).

[14]      "Museum Quits as Film Sponsor," The New York Times (June 3, 2005).

[15]      "Smithsonian backs off intelligent design film: Museum pulls sponsorship after Darwinists pressure," WorldNetDaily (June 4, 2005).

[16]      Discovery Institute Staff, " The Privileged Planet National Premiere at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History," June 23, 2005.

[17]      James Randi, "Important Notice," Online Newsletter of the James Randi Educational Foundation (May 27, 2005).

David Berlinski, "An Open Letter to the Amazing Randi," Discovery Institute News (June 13, 2005).

[18]      Letter, "Intelligent Design not supported by science," Iowa State Daily (August 23, 2005).

[19]      Kate Strickler, "Intelligent Design theory sparks debate on campus," Iowa State Daily (August 25, 2005).

[20]      Reid Forgrave, "A universal debate: An ISU astronomy professor finds himself at the center of a controversy over science and religion," The Des Moines Register (August 31, 2005).

Guillermo Gonzalez, "ID Theory: Open to 'Design' Possibilities," The Des Moines Register (August 31, 2005).

[21]      Kate Strickler, "U of I joins Regent institutions in Intelligent Design discussion," Iowa State Daily (October 19, 2005).

[22]      Dave Schweingruber, "A witch hunt at ISU," Mid-Iowa News (August 30, 2005).

[23]      Iowa State University Atheist and Agnostic Society,

Avalos was a featured speaker at the Atheist Alliance conference in Kansas City, MO, April 14-16, 2006:

Chapter Twelve

[1]      Statement on the Teaching of Evolution, American Astronomical Society (September 20, 2005).

[2]     Statement on Teaching Alternatives to Evolution, Biophysics Society (November, 2005).

[4]      Stephen C. Meyer, "The Methodological Equivalence of Design & Descent," pp. 67-112 in J. P. Moreland (editor), The Creation Hypothesis (Downer's Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1994).

[7]      Alvin Plantinga, "Whether ID is science isn't semantics," Science & Theology News (March 7, 2006).

[9]     Del Ratzsch, "Design Theory and Its Critics," Ars Disputandi 2 (October 28, 2002).

[10]      "Peer-Reviewed & Peer-Edited Scientific Publications Supporting the Theory of Intelligent Design (Annotated)," Discovery Institute (February 22, 2006).

[11]      "Leading Atheist Philosopher Concludes God's Real," Fox News (December 9, 2004).,2933,141061,00.html

     Stephen C. Meyer, "Intelligent design is not creationism," The [London] Telegraph  (January 28, 2006).

"Statement of Principles," New Orleans Secular Humanist Association.

Barbara Carroll Forrest, "Curriculum Vitae," Internet Infidels.

[16]     Alvin Plantinga, "Methodological Naturalism? - Part II," Origins & Design 18 (1997): 22-34.

Chapter Thirteen

[1]      Skagit Valley Herald, May 30 1998, pp. A1 and A5.

[2]      Skagit Valley Herald, May 16 2001, pp. A1, and Editorial for July 29 2001.


See also "Unscientific Methods," World Magazine, September 18 2004.

[3]      Doug Cowan, "Teaching students to be 'competent jurors' on evolution," The Christian Science Monitor (May 31, 2005).

     Doug Cowan, "Foster critical thinking in schools," Seattle Post-Intelligencer (October 10, 2005).

[4]      "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: Conference Report," U. S. House of Representatives Report 107-334 (Washington, DC: U. S. Government Printing Office, 2001), p. 703.

[5]     Kenneth R. Miller, "The Truth about the "Santorum Amendment"
Language on Evolution."

      Letter to Bruce Chapman (Discovery Institute) from U. S. Representative John A. Boehner (R-OH), U. S. Senator Judd Gregg (R-NH), and U. S. Senator Rick Santorum (R-PA) regarding the significance of the Conference Report (September 10, 2003).

     "No Child Left Behind Act and the 'Santorum Language'," Discovery Institute (July 1, 2004).

[11]     Jonathan Wells, "Ridiculing Kansas school board easy, but it’s not good journalism," The [Mitchell, SD] Daily Republic (October 14, 1999).

[13]     William Saletan, "Unintelligible Redesign," Slate (February 13, 2002).

[14]     "Evolution debate back in Ohio schools," CNN Student News (March 12, 2002).

[17]     Liz Craig, Discussion Board, Kansas Citizens for Science (February 10, 2005).;f=3;t=000017

[18]     Edward W. Lempinen and Ginger Pinholster, "AAAS 'respectfully declines' invitation to controversial Kansas evolution hearing," EurekAlert (April 12, 2005).

     Alan Leshner, "Letter to Kansas State Department of Education," American Association for the Advancement of Science (April 11, 2005).

[19]      Barbara Hollingsworth, "Science faces trial: State school board panel begins hearings today," The Topeka Capital-Journal (May 5, 2005), p. 1.

[20]     " Kansas Curricular Standards for Science Education,"  Kansas State Department of Education (November 8, 2005).

     Jonathan Wells, " Definitions of State Science Standards," Discovery Institute (November 10, 2005).

[21]      Edward Sisson, "Darwin Takes the Fifth: What Really Happened at the Kansas Evolution Hearings," Touchstone Magazine (September 2005).

      "Science Standards Expert Testimony," Kansas State Department of Education (May 5-12, 2005).

[22]      Edward W. Lempinen, "AAAS 'Deeply Disturbed' By Kansas State Board of Education Vote, Leshner Says," American Association for the Advancement of Science (November 9, 2005).

[23]     "Darwinists Bully Ohio School Board into Censoring Teaching of Evolution," Discovery Institute News (February 14, 2006).

     Mark Bergin, "Junk science: Ohio school board caves to legal threats, dumps critical teaching on evolution," World Magazine (February 25, 2006), p. 24.

      Martha Wise, "Conservative Ohio values led to change in evolution policy," The Cincinnati Enquirer (February 22, 2006).

[24]     Dover Policy, Memorandum Opinion (December 2005), p. 2.

[25]      "Discovery Calls Dover Evolution Policy Misguided, Calls For its Withdrawal," Discovery Institute News (December 14, 2004).

"Setting the Record Straight about Discovery Institute's Role in the Dover School District Case," Discovery Institute News (November 10, 2005).

      "Discovery Institute's Science Education Policy," Discovery Institute News (January 16, 2006).

[26]      Judge Jones's decision.

John G. West, "Dover in Review," The Discovery Institute, January 6, 2006.

Chapter Fourteen

[1]      Michael R. Bloomberg, "Address to Graduates of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine," The Official New York City Web Site (May 25, 2006).

[2]      Greg Wilson, "Mike throws left at foes of evolution," The New York Daily News (May 26, 2006).

[3]      Dan Froomkin, "Bush Backs Rove, Palmeiro, 'Intelligent Design'," The Washington Post (August 2, 2005).

     Mark Bergin, "Mad Scientists," World Magazine (August 20, 2005).

[4]      John Derbyshire, " Teaching Science: The president is wrong on Intelligent Design," National Review (August 30, 2005).

[5]      Charles Krauthammer, "Phony Theory, False Conflict: 'Intelligent Design' Foolishly Pits Evolution Against Faith," The Washington Post (November 18, 2005), p. A23.

[6]      George F. Will, "Grand Old Spenders," The Washington Post (November 17, 2005), p. A31.

[7]      James Seaton, "Natural Selection: Yet another reason to admire the author of 'The Origin of Species'," a review of Larry Arnhart's Darwinian Conservatism.  The Weekly Standard (May 8, 2006).

[10]     Tom Bethell, "Against Sociobiology," First Things 109 (January 2001): 18-24.

[11]      Kate Campaigne, "Can New Darwinism Sustain a Healthy Polity?" The American Enterprise Institute (May 4, 2006).

      Amy Doolittle, "Survival of the moralist," The Washington Times (March 22, 2006).

[13]     Richard Weikart, From Darwin to Hitler: Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics and racism in Germany (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 146-149.  Weikart's response to his critics is available online.

[15]      "Ota Benga," Wikipedia.

     "Ota Benga Commits Suicide!" The African American Registry (March 20, 1916).

[18]      Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776).

[21]      George Gilder, "The Materialist Superstition," Discovery Institute (October 18, 2004).

A heavily edited version of essay was published in Wired Magazine (October 18, 2004).

[22]       Gary Galles, "Is there proof of government's intelligent design?" Ludwig von Mises Institute Blog (October 04, 2005).

Chapter Fifteen

[1]      Hunter R. Rawlings III, State of the University Address, Cornell University Office of the President (October 21, 2005).

[4]     CIA-The World Factbook.

[5]     The Nicene Creed (325 A.D.).

The Definition of the Council of Chalcedon (451 A.D.).

[6]      Jonathan Wells, "Darwinism and the Argument to Design," Dialogue & Alliance 4 (January 1991): 69-85.

[12]     Richard Dawkins, "Is Science a Religion?" The Humanist (January/February 1997).

[13]      Scott Jaschik, "Emails Kill a Course," Inside Higher Education, December 2, 2005.

Michelle Malkin, "What Happened to Paul Mirecki?" December 7, 2005.

[16]      Stephen Jay Gould, "Nonoverlapping Magisteria," Natural History 106 (March 1997): pp. 16-22.

[17]     Alvin Plantinga, "Methodological Naturalism? - Part I," Origins & Design 18 (1997): 18-27.

[18]     Michael Foust, "Gallup poll latest to show Americans reject secular evolution," Baptist Press (October 19, 2005).

"Poll: Creationism Trumps Evolution," CBS News (November 22, 2004).

Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, "Religious Identification in the U. S.," (2001).

     Eugenie C. Scott, "Dealing with Anti-Evolutionism," University of California (Berkeley) Museum of Paleontology web site.

[19]      Thomas J. Oord and Eric Stark, "A Conversation with Eugenie Scott," Science and Theology News (April 1, 2002).

[20]     Michael Zimmerman, "Welcome to the Clergy Letter Project" (January 5, 2006).

     "The Clergy Letter Project Present Evolution Sunday" (February 12, 2006).

     Aaron Ricadela, "Darwin takes the pulpit on Evolution Sunday," Science & Theology News (May 4, 2006).

[21]      Rob Crowther, "Is the Pope Catholic?"  Evolution News and Views (May 31, 2006).

[22]      Pope Pius XII, Humani Generis (August 12, 1950).

[23]      Pope John Paul II, "Message to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences," (October 22, 1996).

[24]      International Theological Commission, "Communion and Stewardship: Human Persons Created in the Image of God" (July 2004).

[25]      Pope Benedict XVI, "Inaugural Address," Boston Catholic Journal (April 22, 2005).

[26]      Christoph Cardinal Schönborn, "Finding Design in Nature," The New York Times (July 7, 2005), p. A23.

[27]      George Coyne, "God’s chance creation," The Tablet (August 6, 2005).

     Martin Hilbert, "Darwin’s Divisions: The Pope, the Cardinal, the Jesuit & the Evolving Debate About Origins," Touchstone Magazine (June 2006).

[29]      University of California Museum of Paleontology, "Misconception: Evolution and religion are incompatible," Understanding Evolution.

      Award Information, Grant 0096613, National Science Foundation (April 2001).

[30]     "Statements from Religious Organizations," National Center for Science Education.

[31]      John G. West, "Evolving Double Standards: Establishing a state-funded church of Darwin," National Review (April 1, 2004).

     Francis J. Beckwith, "Government-Sponsored Theology," The American Spectator (April 7, 2004).

[32]      "Feds fund religious promotion of evolution," World Net Daily (October 13, 2005).

     Casey Luskin, "Dismissal of Lawsuit against Evolution Website Implies Internet is an Establishment-Clause-Free-Zone," Evolution News & Views (March 29, 2006).

Chapter Sixteen

[2]      Wesley R. Elsberry and Mark Perakh, "How Intelligent Design Advocates Turn the Sordid Lessons from Soviet and Nazi History Upside Down," April 20, 2004.

[4]      Christopher Scott, "Stand By Science," , Edutopia, June 1, 2005.

[7]      B. C. A. Windle, "Mendel, Mendelism," in The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume X (Robert Appleton Company, 1911).

[15]      National Science Teachers Association, "Survey Indicates Science Teachers Feel Pressure to Teach Nonscientific Alternatives to Evolution," March 24, 2005.

[16]      Michelle Malkin, "What Happened to Paul Mirecki?" December 7, 2005.

[17]      Brian R. Leiter, "Harvard Law Review Embarrasses Itself," March 10, 2004.

Hunter Baker, "The Professor's Paroxysm," National Review Online, March 15, 2004.

[18]      Annie Hall, "Intelligent design debate continues on national level," The [OSU Student] Lantern, January 3, 2006, p. 1.

McKee was quoted by Robert Crowther on the blog "Evolution News & Views," January 10, 2006.

[19]      Myers's blogs.


[20]      Jim Brown and Ed Vitagliano, " Professor Dumped Over Evolution Beliefs," Agape Press, March 11, 2003.

[21]      Barbara Bradley Haggerty, "Profile: Intelligent Design and Academic Freedom," transcript of "All Things Considered" (NPR), November 10, 2005.

"Cast out from class," from Geoff Brumfiel, "Who has designs on your students' minds?" Nature 434 (April 28, 2005): 1062-1065.

Shankar Vedantam, "Eden and Evolution," The Washington Post (February 5, 2006).

[22]      Judge Jones's decision.

For a detailed analysis of the decision, see John G. West, "Dover in Review," The Discovery Institute, January 6, 2006.

Chapter Seventeen

[1]      David Donnenfield and David Howell, "The Birth of Plate Tectonics Theory," U.S. Geological Survey (April 26, 2006).

[7]      Tim McGrew, "Scientific Progress, Relativism, and Self-Refutation," Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 2 (1994).

     James Franklin, "Thomas Kuhn's Irrationalism," The New Criterion 18 (June 2000).

[13]      Orson Scott Card, "Creation and Evolution in the Schools," The Ornery American (January 8, 2006).

[14]     William Rusher, "What are the scientists really afraid of?" The Decatur Daily Democrat (January 10, 2006).

[15]      Douglas Kern, "Why Intelligent Design Is Going to Win," TCS Daily (October 7, 2005).

[16]     Richard Dawkins and Jerry Coyne, "One side can be wrong," The Guardian (September 1, 2005).,13026,1559743,00.html

[17]      Jodi Wilgoren, "Politicized Scholars Put Evolution on the Defensive," The New York Times (August 21, 2005).

[18]     Molecular & Microbiology Faculty, George Mason University.

     "Table 4: Average Salary and Average Compensation Levels, 2005-2006," Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2005-06 (American Association of University Professors, March-April, 2006).

[19]      Award Abstract #0229294,"Explore Evolution," National Science Foundation (November 29, 2002).

"NSF Budget Is at $5.58 Billion for FY 2006," National Science Foundation (January 12, 2006).

[20]      "Summary of the FY 2006 President's Budget," National Institutes of Health (February 7, 2005).

[21]      William A. Dembski, "Becoming a Disciplined Science: Prospects, Pitfalls, and Reality Check for ID," Keynote address delivered at RAPID Conference (Research and Progress in Intelligent Design), Biola University, La Mirada, CA (October 25, 2002).

      "Peer-Reviewed & Peer-Edited Scientific Publications Supporting the Theory of Intelligent Design (Annotated)," Discovery Institute (February 22, 2006).

[24]      Forrest M. Mims III, "Avian Influenza and UV-B Blocked by Biomass Smoke," Environmental Health Perspectives 113 (December 2005).

[25]     Jonathan Wells, "Do Centrioles Generate a Polar Ejection Force?"  Rivista di Biologia - Biology Forum 98 (2005): 71-96.

      Jonathan Wells, "Using Intelligent Design Theory to Guide Scientific Research," International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design (May 13, 2004).

[26]      Hervé Morin, "Le darwinisme est parfois contesté dans les salles de classe françaises," Le Monde (April 27, 2005).

      "Darwin and Design," Prague, Czech Republic (October 22, 2005).

     "Design of Creation Society," Japan.

"Desafiando a Nomenklatura Científica (Defying the Scientific Nomenklatura)", Brazil.

[27]     IDEA Club, Cornell University.

     Kerry Frisinger, "Evolution debate PRI director lauds Pa. intelligent design ruling," The Ithaca Journal (December 23, 2005).

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